Nepal is a small and beautiful country landlocked by India on three sides and China’sTibet West Autonomous Region to the north. Bengal’s narrow Siliguri corridor or Chicken’s Neck separate Nepal and Bangladesh. To the east are India and Bhutan. Such a confined geographical position is hardly enviable. Nepal has tremendous diverse geography and is also well-known as a multicultural, multiracial, multilingual, and multiethnic country nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas. Noted for its majestic Himalayas, Nepal is very mountainous and hilly. Its shape is roughly rectangular, about 650 kilometers long and about 200 kilometers wide. It has an area of 1,47,181 square kilometers.
Nepal has great physical diversity, ranging from the Tarai Plain – the northern rim of the Gangetic Plain situated at about 300 meters above sea level in the south – to the almost 8,848-meter-high Mount Everest, locally known as Sagarmatha (its Nepali name), in the north.
Topographically, Nepal is divided into three broad physiographic areas: the Mountain Region, the Hilly Region, and the Tarai Region. All three regions are parallel to each other, from east to west, as continuous ecological belts, occasionally bisected by the country’s river systems. The high mountains in the north, the moderate Mahabharat hills in the centre and undulating chure hills with their sheltered lowland in the south are the predominant landscapes of the country.
Nepal is an extraordinarily attractive location for mountaineers, rock climbers and adventure seekers. Apart from being an attractive destination for adventure, Nepal’s local lifestyle, its culture, tradition, historical heritage and ever welcoming nature of Nepalese is very alluring. Pilgrimage/Spiritual destinations are scattered throughout the nation. The Birth-place of Buddha, Lumbini – Nepal, is also home to the holiest Hindu temples in the world, Pashupati Nath – Lord Shiva. The Kathmandu Valley all by itself houses the famous Swayambhunath Stupa, Boudhanath, Changu Narayan (one of the oldest Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu), and several other pilgrimage sites. Hundreds of both Hindu and Buddhist famous temples can be visited in other parts of the country as well. For example: Barah Chhetra, Janakpur (The Birthplace of the Goddess Sita), Tengboche Monastries, Manakamana, Lumbini (The Birthplace of Lord Buddha), Muktinath, Gosainkunda, Khaptad Ashram, etc. The Himalayas have always been considered the seat of spirituality since ancient times.
Nepal shows unity in diversity. There are several cultural beliefs and customs of the Himalaya nation. The many cultural heritages of Nepal included in the world heritage list has become the property of the whole humankind. Likewise, one of the intriguing methods for understanding the excellence and abundance of Nepali culture is through its celebrations. Taking part in the neighborhood cheerfullness gives guests an understanding of the life of the Nepali individuals and makes their stay in Nepal more brilliant.
Nepal has a very interesting and exciting bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. Probably, Nepal is only country in the world, which could provide such opportunity: in a period of just two weeks it is possible to travel from sub-tropical lowlands to alpine glaciers, to experience altitudes from as low as 60 meters upto the base of the highest mountain on the earth, temperatures from +40 degrees celsius to -40 degrees celsius and a climate ranging from monsoon and humid to dry rain shadow and frozen zone.
Nepal can be the perfect package for the tourists for learning it’s cultural and natural diversity along with it’s uniqueness.