Golden Trangel Tour. Kathmandu City of gods and goddesses. A land whose geologic history is intermingled with mythology, where it’s rumored the gods once roamed. Capital city of Nepal. The stuff of legends. Located in the wide Kathmandu Valley and surrounded by hills on all sides, Kathmandu is one of three cities in the valley – Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur – comprising what’s known as the “Golden Triangle.” One such myth describes the origin of Kathmandu Valley. According to legend, Kathmandu Valley once sat at the bottom of a lake filled with lotuses but was drained when the god Manjushree swung his sword at a flame emerging from a lotus, cutting a gorge near Chobar, six kilometers southwest of Kathmandu. The water drained to reveal the valley floor.
Since the creation of the valley, many different dynasties have ruled over Nepal. Bhuktaman from the Gopal dynasty was the first king of Kathmandu Valley, then came Abhir Dynasty, Kirat dynasty, Lichavi Dynasty, Malla Dynasty, and Shah dynasty. In 1768 after the rise of Prithvi Naryan Shah, Kathmandu Valley was declared the capital city of Nepal. With pleasant weather year round, Kathmandu is a city rich in art and culture that offers many places to visit, including Pashupatinath, Boudhanath, Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple), Patan Durbar Square, and Bhaktapur Durbar Square.
The history of Kathmandu is really a history of the Newar people, the main inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley. While the documented history of the valley goes back to the Kiratis, around the 7th century BC, the foundation of Kathmandu itself dates from the 12th century AD, during the time of the Malla dynasty.